Membrane Technology Across Sustainability Applications

Jun 3, 2024 | Energy

Membrane technologies have emerged as a significant development in material science, advancing from basic experiments in the early 1900’s to sophisticated applications today. Initially developed for laboratory use, these technologies have evolved through decades of research and development to enable selective separations based on the size, shape, and chemical properties of molecules as well as the efficient transport of ions. This evolution has led membranes to being a key component for a range of industrial, environmental, and energy-related applications. The deployment of these membranes in various sectors enhances operational efficiencies and supports the development of new technological applications that address critical challenges in energy and environmental management.

The role of membrane technologies is underscored by their impact on major global megatrends such as sustainability, energy efficiency, and resource scarcity. Applications for membranes that highlight the impact on these trends include sour gas separation, carbon capture, water desalination, and new energy technologies (e.g., fuel cells, batteries, green hydrogen). Membrane adoption across these applications demonstrates their broad role in shaping future technological landscapes and their significant contributions to critical areas of global development.